Author(s): Mohammad Sadegh Mahfouzi
Page No: 14
Document: Divinity and Love of Religion in Iranian Culture and Art - [394.73 KB] - Login / Register to download our articles.
Although only after the start of Safavid period the Shia sect was announced as the official religion in Iran during the Timurid rule also a considerable number of Shia followers used to lived even in Heart one of the capitals of Timurid Empire. We can sings in the inscriptions and illustrated paintings which prove that Shia sect was considered as a lawful sect during Timurid period. These rulers supported religious monuments and their love of Shia teachings added to their reputation and credit among the Iranian.
The rules of religious art, especially painting and illustration, which had grown and blossomed with the support of the Ilkhaniyan governors during the eight century A.H. was mixed and integrated with Shia doctrines. Reflecting religious codes in illustrated books is notable in many books surviving from that period.
The Iranian supporters of artwork ordered manuscripts to be illustrated manuscripts not only covered verse but history as well. The pictures in the manuscripts during this period reflect religious subjects especially Shia teachings and they served as a background for subsequent revolution in Islamic art after Ilkhaniyan Dynasty.
Love of religious teachings is quite notable during all centuries before and after Islam in Iran. Love of religious teachings and following religious commandments in all its branches was the most important reason for the bloom and survival of Iranian art. Such art has always appeared in the prettiest forms in paintings and colors. Iran being the cradle of Islamic art encouraged other Islamic culture and art.
Islam is a universal religion that addresses all the aspects of human life and has no goal other than purification of religion and the world, contribute to human happiness and guide mankind towards perfection and its teaching Islam has the goals in mind. Islam believes that Muslims must try to approach Almighty God in order that their wishes can be fulfilled and it positively responds to human worldly needs. Moreover, Islam considers rites other than Islamic commandments as profane and misleading, and Islamic culture and art is not an exception from that ruling.
After superficial conversion to Islam by pronouncing, shahadatein (there is no creator except God and Mohammad is his prophet) gradually they started believing Islamic codes and eventually their strong belief became evident in all their activities and was portrayed in all their works. Belief in religion illuminated the Muslim artist heart, and taught him to gave credit to his art. The Iranian artist has benefited from his architecture as a vehicle to approach Almighty God and discharge his religious obligations by his work.
Many factors have contributed to the development of the works of Iranian Muslim artists and the success of the Iranian monuments originates from the architect's piety and commitment to religious teachings.
Like other artists after the birth of Islam Muslim architects gradually invented new arts according to the extent of their religious beliefs and they profited from the spiritual and artistic experiments and monuments of pre-Islamic era and a platform for their inventions. Iranian artists understood that the basis for acceptance of their work by God was their piety. They understood that they should prove their piety by strictly adhering to religious codes so that belief could be manifested in all their works and help them approach God.
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